Succession

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Succession involves the inheritance of titles, gold, men-at-arms and artifacts: it triggers when a character dies or abdicates.

Player/primary/junior heir[edit | edit source]

A character is an heir if they stand to inherit at least one title. If this includes a ruler's primary title, they are that ruler's primary heir. The player heir is whoever the player will continue playing as upon death. As long as the player's primary heir is of their dynasty, said character will always be their player heir. Heirs who do not expect to inherit a ruler's primary title are that ruler's junior heirs.

Eligibility[edit | edit source]

Certain laws and doctrines determine who is eligible for inheritance. In addition, some traits may disinherit their owner together with all their descendants.

  • The gender law determines whether only men, only women or both inherit. With male preference, women are ineligible as long as they have eligible brothers; vice versa for female preference.
  • The following traits disinherit:
    • Bastard and  Bastard Founder
    •  Child of Concubine, if the marriage type doctrine doesn't allow for consorts/concubines
    •  Monk/Nun (does not disinherit descendants, inherits claims nonetheless)
    •  Disinherited (does not disinherit characters of different dynasties)
    •  Eunuch
    •  Order Member (inherits claims nonetheless)
  • Characters whose government type is theocratic cannot inherit.

Realm succession[edit | edit source]

The realm succession law applies to every title without a unique title succession law.

In the family trees below:

  • numbers denote the line of succession, with 0 being the current holder
  • characters marked with an X are ineligible to inherit
  • red squares are males
  • blue circles are females
  • black squares/circles are dead characters

Single heir[edit | edit source]

Primogeniture[edit | edit source]

An illustrated example of male only primogeniture

All titles are inherited by the oldest eligible child. Note that a dead child’s progeny takes precedence over younger siblings. If no eligible descendants exist, the ruler's oldest eligible sibling is preferred.[1] If lateral branches provide no candidate, the game moves up to the primary parent* and repeats the aforementioned steps.

*the father if patrilineal marriage, the mother if matrilineal marriage

Ultimogeniture[edit | edit source]

An illustrated example of male preference ultimogeniture

All titles are inherited by the youngest eligible child. Note that a dead child’s progeny takes precedence over older siblings. If no eligible descendants exist, the ruler's youngest eligible sibling is preferred.[1] If lateral branches provide no candidate, the game moves up to the primary parent* and repeats the aforementioned steps.

*the father if patrilineal marriage, the mother if matrilineal marriage

House seniority[edit | edit source]

An illustrated example of equal house seniority

All titles are inherited by the oldest eligible house member. With male preference, younger men take precedence over older women; vice versa for female preference.

Multiple heirs[edit | edit source]

(Regular) partition[edit | edit source]

An illustrated example of female preference partition
  1. The oldest child is given the primary title along with its de facto capital and any higher title that holding belongs to de jure.
  2. All empires are distributed in order. The oldest child with the fewest empire titles takes priority. If a junior heir received titles, they are also given any lower title that's theirs de jure, and receive no more titles in the following steps.
  3. All kingdoms are distributed in order. The oldest child with the fewest empire plus kingdom titles takes priority. If a junior heir received titles, they are also given any lower title that's theirs de jure, and receive no more titles in the following steps.
  4. All duchies are distributed in order. The oldest child with the fewest empire plus kingdom plus duchy titles takes priority. If a junior heir received titles, they are also given any lower title that's theirs de jure, and receive no more titles in the following steps.
  5. All counties are distributed in order. The oldest child with the fewest county titles[2] takes priority.
  6. All baronies go to whomever owns their respective counties.

Notes:

  • If an eligible child dies but had eligible children of their own, their oldest eligible child will take their place during succession.
  • Junior heirs can and will only be vassalised if their rank is lesser than the primary heir.
  • Titles prior to succession are taken into account as well.
  • See Primogeniture if the ruler has no eligible progeny.
  • A junior heir may receive a different title than expected because they already own land within the given title.
  • If the capital belongs to a higher title which is equal in rank to but not itself the primary, said title will not be inherited along with the capital.

Confederate partition[edit | edit source]

Prior to Partition, new titles, of the same tier as the primary, will be created if enough of their de jure territory is held.

High partition[edit | edit source]

Like Partition, except all junior heirs get treated as a single character. This analogy isn't entirely correct because the order in which the titles are distributed differs: first, the primary heir is given titles, in order, until their allotted number has been reached, then, the remainder is distributed among the junior heirs according to regular partition.

Title specific succession[edit | edit source]

A title succession law can be assigned to individual titles; besides the gender laws, these are all a form of elective succession. Options are restricted to certain ranks, cultures and/or titles. If the primary title has a unique title succession law, its de facto capital will not be inherited along with it: it goes to whomever would have been the primary heir according to realm succession alone.

Title claim inheritance[edit | edit source]

The gender law determines which children inherit claims on their parents' titles. Bastards, bastard founders, disinherited kin and eunuchs never receive claims. Eligible children are given pressed claims on titles they did not inherit nor vassalise. If the parent held pressed claims themselves, unpressed claims are inherited in their stead. Unpressed claims cannot be passed down, but will become pressed if used in an inconclusive war. Note that a deceased child's place holder will not receive the claims their parent would have inherited.

  • Male/female only: Only sons/daughters inherit claims.
  • Male/female preference: Both daughters and sons inherit claims.
  • Equal: Both daughters and sons inherit claims.

The faith's view on gender determines which children get implicit claims during their parents' lifetime. Note that a deceased child's place holder will receive implicit claims in their stead, but only if they're of the appropriate sex.

  • Male dominated: Only sons receive implicit claims.
  • Female dominated: Only daughters receive implicit claims.
  • Equal: Both daughters and sons receive implicit claims.

Gold & men-at-arms inheritance[edit | edit source]

The primary heir receives all gold and men-at-arms upon death.

Artifacts[edit | edit source]

[WIP]

Court Artifacts that are displayed at your Royal Court (DLC required) will be passed on to your Primary Title heir.

Inventory Artifacts, on the other hand, appear to not always get passed on and may be lost on succession.

Notes[edit | edit source]

  • If an unlanded character inherits a duchy+ title, they will automatically usurp a county in their realm, preferably the de jure capital. If none of that title's de jure land is controlled, or the title is titular, it goes to the primary heir instead.
  • Junior heirs who hold no land upon succession will receive a random selection of men-at-arms at no cost, based on their new income.
  • With partition succession, the primary heir cannot be granted titles their siblings stand to inherit.
  • A ruler with no heirs will pass their titles to their liege. If they are independent instead, a vassal of theirs will inherit, or a courtier if no vassals exist.
  • Several cultures can get advanced succession laws early due to their Cultural Innovations.
    • Characters of Czech or Slovien culture can enact the House Seniority law at any Crown Authority due to their Table of Princes Cultural Innovation.
    • Characters of Aragonese, Basque, and Catalan culture can enact the High Partition Law due to their Visigothic Codes Cultural Innovation; due to the same Innovation, they can also enact the Equal (Cognatic) Law at High Crown Authority.
  • The display order of titles in the character screen is decided as follows:
    1. The primary title always comes first.
    2. Higher tier titles come before lower tier titles.
    3. Titles of the same tier are ordered according to how long each title has been in possession, the oldest one coming first.

Tips[edit | edit source]

  • The dynasty head can disinherit kin at the cost of Renown and Prestige.
  • With partition inheritance, all personal holdings within the capital county go to the oldest child.
  • With partition inheritance, all titles within the capital duchy pass to the oldest child if all their eligible siblings expect a duchy+ of their own. Likewise, all titles within the capital kingdom go to the oldest child if all their eligible siblings expect a kingdom+ of their own.
  • If an heir is granted their titles in advance, one's other heirs won't inherit claims on them, which limits infighting. Because children tend to love their parents, they make for reliable vassals which likely get a significant opinion of predecessor bonus once the primary heir takes over.
  • If a junior heir is given a title outside one's de jure realm, they can be granted independence. Each landed dynasty member, who is not subject to another, generates renown. As the dynasty head, one retains some control over these rulers.
  • If one's faith has the monasticism tenet, characters above the age of 9 can be asked to take the vows: this disqualifies them from inheritance. Even married characters can be asked, assuming they're the primary spouse.

References[edit | edit source]